Elaborate on the term ‘Procurement

A t 0-4 “PI-1 ?4 j 1 1 Elaborate on the term ‘Procurement’ (2×1=2 marks) 1.2 “A thorough, and regular analysis throughout the project life cycle promotes productivity and labor continuity.” Weighing on the above statement, expound on the five (5) project life cycle phases (5×2=10 marks) 1.3 Cite four (4) infrastructure project stakeholders mentioned in the article and infer how each stakeholder is negatively affected by the pandemic concurrently highlighting how the project is ultimately impacted. (4×3=12 marks) 1.4 The triple constraint model presents project owners with trade-off challenges, particularly with the prevalent of the pandemic. Foregoing statements, discuss the triple constraints with reference to the article. (3×3= 9 marks) QUESTION TWO [25 MARKS] During the project initiation phase, the project charter is a major document that needs to be approved by the project sponsor in selecting the most beneficial project to be executed. The project charter briefly details the parameters of the project and provides a rationale to undertake the project. Required Create a fictitious project and develop a project charter in a tabular format to be presented to your sponsor for approval. Your project charter should be professionally presented, practical and persuasive. Make use of the below rubric for guidance. N. B the use of or copying another project charter will result in a zero being awarded. 4 HPAN301-1-Jan-Jun2022- FA1- MN-V5-21012022

Elaborate on the term ‘Procurement

A t 0-4 “PI-1 ?4 j 1 1 Elaborate on the term ‘Procurement’ (2×1=2 marks) 1.2 “A thorough, and regular analysis throughout the project life cycle promotes productivity and labor continuity.” Weighing on the above statement, expound on the five (5) project life cycle phases (5×2=10 marks) 1.3 Cite four (4) infrastructure project stakeholders mentioned in the article and infer how each stakeholder is negatively affected by the pandemic concurrently highlighting how the project is ultimately impacted. (4×3=12 marks) 1.4 The triple constraint model presents project owners with trade-off challenges, particularly with the prevalent of the pandemic. Foregoing statements, discuss the triple constraints with reference to the article. (3×3= 9 marks) QUESTION TWO [25 MARKS] During the project initiation phase, the project charter is a major document that needs to be approved by the project sponsor in selecting the most beneficial project to be executed. The project charter briefly details the parameters of the project and provides a rationale to undertake the project. Required Create a fictitious project and develop a project charter in a tabular format to be presented to your sponsor for approval. Your project charter should be professionally presented, practical and persuasive. Make use of the below rubric for guidance. N. B the use of or copying another project charter will result in a zero being awarded. 4 HPAN301-1-Jan-Jun2022- FA1- MN-V5-21012022

Elaborate on the term ‘Procurement

A t 0-4 “PI-1 ?4 j 1 1 Elaborate on the term ‘Procurement’ (2×1=2 marks) 1.2 “A thorough, and regular analysis throughout the project life cycle promotes productivity and labor continuity.” Weighing on the above statement, expound on the five (5) project life cycle phases (5×2=10 marks) 1.3 Cite four (4) infrastructure project stakeholders mentioned in the article and infer how each stakeholder is negatively affected by the pandemic concurrently highlighting how the project is ultimately impacted. (4×3=12 marks) 1.4 The triple constraint model presents project owners with trade-off challenges, particularly with the prevalent of the pandemic. Foregoing statements, discuss the triple constraints with reference to the article. (3×3= 9 marks) QUESTION TWO [25 MARKS] During the project initiation phase, the project charter is a major document that needs to be approved by the project sponsor in selecting the most beneficial project to be executed. The project charter briefly details the parameters of the project and provides a rationale to undertake the project. Required Create a fictitious project and develop a project charter in a tabular format to be presented to your sponsor for approval. Your project charter should be professionally presented, practical and persuasive. Make use of the below rubric for guidance. N. B the use of or copying another project charter will result in a zero being awarded. 4 HPAN301-1-Jan-Jun2022- FA1- MN-V5-21012022

Elaborate on the term ‘Procurement

A t 0-4 “PI-1 ?4 j 1 1 Elaborate on the term ‘Procurement’ (2×1=2 marks) 1.2 “A thorough, and regular analysis throughout the project life cycle promotes productivity and labor continuity.” Weighing on the above statement, expound on the five (5) project life cycle phases (5×2=10 marks) 1.3 Cite four (4) infrastructure project stakeholders mentioned in the article and infer how each stakeholder is negatively affected by the pandemic concurrently highlighting how the project is ultimately impacted. (4×3=12 marks) 1.4 The triple constraint model presents project owners with trade-off challenges, particularly with the prevalent of the pandemic. Foregoing statements, discuss the triple constraints with reference to the article. (3×3= 9 marks) QUESTION TWO [25 MARKS] During the project initiation phase, the project charter is a major document that needs to be approved by the project sponsor in selecting the most beneficial project to be executed. The project charter briefly details the parameters of the project and provides a rationale to undertake the project. Required Create a fictitious project and develop a project charter in a tabular format to be presented to your sponsor for approval. Your project charter should be professionally presented, practical and persuasive. Make use of the below rubric for guidance. N. B the use of or copying another project charter will result in a zero being awarded. 4 HPAN301-1-Jan-Jun2022- FA1- MN-V5-21012022

Assignment Support

Assignment Support 1 Guidance for the assignment Read the assignment brief, discuss it with colleagues and your teacher to make sure you understand “ What is it you need to do” and “ How it is supposed to be done” What is it that you need to do? you need to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcomes, you do this by demonstrating your knowledge through the assignment while addressing its key points while adhering to a certain word count and writing format and referencing. For example: You are given 15 min to explain a problem and proposed solutions “the 15 min are like the word count it’s a limit on how much space you have to demonstrate your knowledge, use it wisely”. To do this you need to understand the problems well to best describe them and point out why it needs to solved. (This represents the research part of your assignment where you look at what the problem is “define it” who does it affect? who is responsible for causing/ fixing it? “ this is what you use for your introduction and the beginning of the body /discussion where you present the facts then you move into the reasoning and ask, “are there any previous or similar incidents like this that we can learn from?” this allows an opportunity analyze and be critical “Compare it to the others” and see if we can we break it down and analyze it? Organize it? Address it one section at a time? Try to use good examples and always make it clear how the information you include is relevant to the assignments subject you are discussing. “Try not to wander away from the main point of the assignment” When presenting an issue identify your main goals “in this case the learning outcomes” you must address them, you do this by identifying your key points and knowing what sequence to present them while being clear coherent and logical. Assignment Support 2 For assignment 1: The link to choose a case study: https://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/advice-andguidance/health-and-social-care-case-studies Choose a case study read it well, the identify the main organization providing the service, for eg: Case study 1: Here we can see that it is the NHS Hillingdon Clinical Commissioning, in the case study not all the services and responsibilities are clear, so you need to research that and reference the source, , you then need to identify the regulation or standards that this organization needs to follow, this could just be by identifying the law that that set up the (CCGs) that would also explain what is expected of them and how they would achieve this “ don’t forget to reference the source” and lastly you need to evaluate the organization name its pros and cons , what has been successful and where has it failed ( this could be about this specific CCG or CCGs in general and don’t forget to reference) The health models that can be used to explain the case study are many( check provided examples), what you need to do is explain how the actions taken within the case study follow a certain health model(s) and using the results found in the case study determining weather they have been affective or not. You should have a referencing list at the end of the assignment that follows Harvard referencing. Assignment Support 3 Case study 2: In this case it’s obvious that the organization here is the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and the aim of the intervention within the case study was to decrease the number of missed diabetic screening appointments, what you need to do is identify the trust its responsibilities, goals and objectives, and what laws and regulations it needs to follow this is generally done by overseeing bodies name them and what they do. The health models that can be used to explain the case study are many( check provided examples), what you need to do is explain how the actions taken within the case study follow a certain health model(s) and using the results found in the case study determining weather they have been affective or not. You should have a referencing list at the end of the assignment that follows Harvard referencing. Assignment Support 4 Case study 3: In this case study the Hospital is the health organization being looked at and itself is governed by a trust, and has been tasked by the trust to improve diversity within their staff, you should point out that is done due to a report by the trust pointing out the lack of diversity within the current staffing. Here you would have to research the regulating body for hospitals in the UK and demonstrate the guidelines and standards for hospitals this could be for example the CQC. The health models that can be used to explain the case study are many( check provided examples), what you need to do is explain how the actions taken within the case study follow a certain health model(s) and using the results found in the case study determining weather they have been affective or not. You should have a referencing list at the end of the assignment that follows Harvard referencing. Assignment Support 5 The 5 most popular health models used in health promotion: 1. Health Promotion Model (HPM) Pender’s Health Promotion Model is based on the idea that people’s experiences affect their health outcomes. Health promotion models are focused on exploring people’s attitudes about health and individual experiences related to it. According to the theory, one would have to look at people’s lifestyles, psychological health, and social and cultural environment to understand most of their health-related decisions. For example, not eating fresh vegetables because one grew up not consuming produce is a way of understanding why someone may suffer from a severe condition like obesity. 2. Health Belief Model (HBM) The Health Belief Model theory suggests that a person’s belief of a diagnosed illness combined with their view of a treatment’s effectiveness predicts their likelihood of adopting a change. If someone suffers from an illness that is hard to diagnose, they might find it harder to prioritize treatment for the cause. Based on this idea, health practitioners might take immediate action of telling someone that they’re either susceptible or have a serious medical condition. Moreover, they might expect a person to question the medical approach if they don’t feel the symptoms and show apprehension toward medical advice. Assignment Support 6 What follows this initial outcome might be an informed recommendation of the risk factors that can worsen illness. In more severe cases of noncompliance, healthcare leaders must develop strategies based on the HBM. 3. Transtheoretical Model (TTM) Sometimes when a healthcare professional informs a patient about a potential medical condition and educates them about preventive measures, the person may believe them but avoid immediate action. This choice is based on the idea that when someone receives information about their health, they might think about it before acting on it. Because of such behavior, the transtheoretical theory outlines six stages that someone might go through: Pre-contemplation: the patient does not intend to act yet despite knowing about the medical condition. Contemplation: the patient is planning to act with intention. Preparation: the patient establishes a course of action and sets a timed objective. Action: the patient takes the course of action. Maintenance: the patient focuses on not relapsing and maintaining a plan within their daily routines. For some individuals, this may last a few months, while for others, it could turn into a permanent state. For example, a recovering alcoholic may struggle with relapses and might stay in the maintenance stage their entire life. Termination: the patient is actively healthy and no longer interested in returning to old behaviors. 4. Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) Although it’s not a model, this theory is highly credited under the HBM and is considered separate. The theory assumes that a person will act a certain way on a health issue depending on their willingness due to subjective norms. The norms are usually the result of social and environmental surroundings and the person’s perceived control over that behavior. Assignment Support 7 For example, a healthcare professional might ask a young man if his close circle of friends thinks he should incorporate exercise into their daily routine. In a medical study done by the Iran University of Medical Sciences, researchers used TRA to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention dealing with breakfast consumption amongst children and adolescents. 5. Diffusion of Innovation Theory (DOI) Diffusion of Innovation (DOI) is another theory that falls under community and organization participation models. The theory investigates how a new idea or health behavior is disseminated in a social structure or community and identifies what influences how quickly the idea or behavior is adopted. The adoption of new ideas depends on the type of innovation, communication channels, time and social system. According to the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative, the DOI model “highlights the uncertainties associated with new behaviors and helps public health program implementers consider ways to resolve these uncertainties.” When Should the Models Be Applied? The above methods may not improve all health decisions, so their applications should be evaluated carefully, every time they’re applied. Program planners and healthcare providers must assess the correct use of the models. Assignment Support 8

Assignment Support

Assignment Support 1 Guidance for the assignment Read the assignment brief, discuss it with colleagues and your teacher to make sure you understand “ What is it you need to do” and “ How it is supposed to be done” What is it that you need to do? you need to demonstrate that you have achieved the learning outcomes, you do this by demonstrating your knowledge through the assignment while addressing its key points while adhering to a certain word count and writing format and referencing. For example: You are given 15 min to explain a problem and proposed solutions “the 15 min are like the word count it’s a limit on how much space you have to demonstrate your knowledge, use it wisely”. To do this you need to understand the problems well to best describe them and point out why it needs to solved. (This represents the research part of your assignment where you look at what the problem is “define it” who does it affect? who is responsible for causing/ fixing it? “ this is what you use for your introduction and the beginning of the body /discussion where you present the facts then you move into the reasoning and ask, “are there any previous or similar incidents like this that we can learn from?” this allows an opportunity analyze and be critical “Compare it to the others” and see if we can we break it down and analyze it? Organize it? Address it one section at a time? Try to use good examples and always make it clear how the information you include is relevant to the assignments subject you are discussing. “Try not to wander away from the main point of the assignment” When presenting an issue identify your main goals “in this case the learning outcomes” you must address them, you do this by identifying your key points and knowing what sequence to present them while being clear coherent and logical. Assignment Support 2 For assignment 1: The link to choose a case study: https://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/advice-andguidance/health-and-social-care-case-studies Choose a case study read it well, the identify the main organization providing the service, for eg: Case study 1: Here we can see that it is the NHS Hillingdon Clinical Commissioning, in the case study not all the services and responsibilities are clear, so you need to research that and reference the source, , you then need to identify the regulation or standards that this organization needs to follow, this could just be by identifying the law that that set up the (CCGs) that would also explain what is expected of them and how they would achieve this “ don’t forget to reference the source” and lastly you need to evaluate the organization name its pros and cons , what has been successful and where has it failed ( this could be about this specific CCG or CCGs in general and don’t forget to reference) The health models that can be used to explain the case study are many( check provided examples), what you need to do is explain how the actions taken within the case study follow a certain health model(s) and using the results found in the case study determining weather they have been affective or not. You should have a referencing list at the end of the assignment that follows Harvard referencing. Assignment Support 3 Case study 2: In this case it’s obvious that the organization here is the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and the aim of the intervention within the case study was to decrease the number of missed diabetic screening appointments, what you need to do is identify the trust its responsibilities, goals and objectives, and what laws and regulations it needs to follow this is generally done by overseeing bodies name them and what they do. The health models that can be used to explain the case study are many( check provided examples), what you need to do is explain how the actions taken within the case study follow a certain health model(s) and using the results found in the case study determining weather they have been affective or not. You should have a referencing list at the end of the assignment that follows Harvard referencing. Assignment Support 4 Case study 3: In this case study the Hospital is the health organization being looked at and itself is governed by a trust, and has been tasked by the trust to improve diversity within their staff, you should point out that is done due to a report by the trust pointing out the lack of diversity within the current staffing. Here you would have to research the regulating body for hospitals in the UK and demonstrate the guidelines and standards for hospitals this could be for example the CQC. The health models that can be used to explain the case study are many( check provided examples), what you need to do is explain how the actions taken within the case study follow a certain health model(s) and using the results found in the case study determining weather they have been affective or not. You should have a referencing list at the end of the assignment that follows Harvard referencing. Assignment Support 5 The 5 most popular health models used in health promotion: 1. Health Promotion Model (HPM) Pender’s Health Promotion Model is based on the idea that people’s experiences affect their health outcomes. Health promotion models are focused on exploring people’s attitudes about health and individual experiences related to it. According to the theory, one would have to look at people’s lifestyles, psychological health, and social and cultural environment to understand most of their health-related decisions. For example, not eating fresh vegetables because one grew up not consuming produce is a way of understanding why someone may suffer from a severe condition like obesity. 2. Health Belief Model (HBM) The Health Belief Model theory suggests that a person’s belief of a diagnosed illness combined with their view of a treatment’s effectiveness predicts their likelihood of adopting a change. If someone suffers from an illness that is hard to diagnose, they might find it harder to prioritize treatment for the cause. Based on this idea, health practitioners might take immediate action of telling someone that they’re either susceptible or have a serious medical condition. Moreover, they might expect a person to question the medical approach if they don’t feel the symptoms and show apprehension toward medical advice. Assignment Support 6 What follows this initial outcome might be an informed recommendation of the risk factors that can worsen illness. In more severe cases of noncompliance, healthcare leaders must develop strategies based on the HBM. 3. Transtheoretical Model (TTM) Sometimes when a healthcare professional informs a patient about a potential medical condition and educates them about preventive measures, the person may believe them but avoid immediate action. This choice is based on the idea that when someone receives information about their health, they might think about it before acting on it. Because of such behavior, the transtheoretical theory outlines six stages that someone might go through: Pre-contemplation: the patient does not intend to act yet despite knowing about the medical condition. Contemplation: the patient is planning to act with intention. Preparation: the patient establishes a course of action and sets a timed objective. Action: the patient takes the course of action. Maintenance: the patient focuses on not relapsing and maintaining a plan within their daily routines. For some individuals, this may last a few months, while for others, it could turn into a permanent state. For example, a recovering alcoholic may struggle with relapses and might stay in the maintenance stage their entire life. Termination: the patient is actively healthy and no longer interested in returning to old behaviors. 4. Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) Although it’s not a model, this theory is highly credited under the HBM and is considered separate. The theory assumes that a person will act a certain way on a health issue depending on their willingness due to subjective norms. The norms are usually the result of social and environmental surroundings and the person’s perceived control over that behavior. Assignment Support 7 For example, a healthcare professional might ask a young man if his close circle of friends thinks he should incorporate exercise into their daily routine. In a medical study done by the Iran University of Medical Sciences, researchers used TRA to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention dealing with breakfast consumption amongst children and adolescents. 5. Diffusion of Innovation Theory (DOI) Diffusion of Innovation (DOI) is another theory that falls under community and organization participation models. The theory investigates how a new idea or health behavior is disseminated in a social structure or community and identifies what influences how quickly the idea or behavior is adopted. The adoption of new ideas depends on the type of innovation, communication channels, time and social system. According to the Health Communication Capacity Collaborative, the DOI model “highlights the uncertainties associated with new behaviors and helps public health program implementers consider ways to resolve these uncertainties.” When Should the Models Be Applied? The above methods may not improve all health decisions, so their applications should be evaluated carefully, every time they’re applied. Program planners and healthcare providers must assess the correct use of the models. Assignment Support 8

culture wars

Questions: Choose ONE question from the list below 1. Examine the problem of speaking for others when the matter of legitimate representation is at issue. Use one case or more to illustrate to what extent the identity marker of a representative matters. (Think about the following in constructing your answer: Do they have to belong to the identity group that they are representing? What strategies would make the matter of representation more just and enabling for marginalised groups?) 2. Assess the claim that ‘authentic democracy is not compatible with representation’, particularly for under-represented, marginalised groups. To what extent do you think Young succeeds in overcoming this problem in her discussion of representation and social perspective? 3. Define ‘culture wars’, OR ‘history wars’ OR ‘identity politics’ and examine one case study or more to illustrate how such debates figure in negotiating particular constructions of Australian National Identity. Pay particular attention to ways in which one or more of such categories as gender, ethnicity, class, and sexuality play a part in these debates. 4. Using one case study or more, assess how the ‘culture wars’ or ‘identity politics’ have been debated around controversial artworks, which have been censored or threatened censorship on the grounds of obscenity, blasphemy, sexual explicitness, political contentiousness or propaganda. 5. Using one case study or more, explore relations between art, protest and the ideal of democracy.  To what extent do you think art is a powerful means for inciting social change? 6. Using a case study (hijab debates, multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism), discuss the ways in which secularism and religious conviction get opposed to one another in ‘democratic’ nations. How would you address such matters without relying on such an opposition? 7. Evaluate the ways in which feminism has figured in public debates regarding the politics of the hijab/headscarf/veil. Do you think there is a way of moving the debate beyond opposing feminism to Muslim women’s dress? If so, how?  8. Discuss what the case of the Charlie Hebdo shootings (or pick another case after discussing appropriateness of example with lecturer) has given us to think regarding free speech, incitement to hatred and the means by which we assess the place of satire in relation to minority identities.   9. Assess the claim that Hate Crime Legislation is not a solution to discrimination and persecution of marginalised groups

culture wars

Questions: Choose ONE question from the list below 1. Examine the problem of speaking for others when the matter of legitimate representation is at issue. Use one case or more to illustrate to what extent the identity marker of a representative matters. (Think about the following in constructing your answer: Do they have to belong to the identity group that they are representing? What strategies would make the matter of representation more just and enabling for marginalised groups?) 2. Assess the claim that ‘authentic democracy is not compatible with representation’, particularly for under-represented, marginalised groups. To what extent do you think Young succeeds in overcoming this problem in her discussion of representation and social perspective? 3. Define ‘culture wars’, OR ‘history wars’ OR ‘identity politics’ and examine one case study or more to illustrate how such debates figure in negotiating particular constructions of Australian National Identity. Pay particular attention to ways in which one or more of such categories as gender, ethnicity, class, and sexuality play a part in these debates. 4. Using one case study or more, assess how the ‘culture wars’ or ‘identity politics’ have been debated around controversial artworks, which have been censored or threatened censorship on the grounds of obscenity, blasphemy, sexual explicitness, political contentiousness or propaganda. 5. Using one case study or more, explore relations between art, protest and the ideal of democracy.  To what extent do you think art is a powerful means for inciting social change? 6. Using a case study (hijab debates, multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism), discuss the ways in which secularism and religious conviction get opposed to one another in ‘democratic’ nations. How would you address such matters without relying on such an opposition? 7. Evaluate the ways in which feminism has figured in public debates regarding the politics of the hijab/headscarf/veil. Do you think there is a way of moving the debate beyond opposing feminism to Muslim women’s dress? If so, how?  8. Discuss what the case of the Charlie Hebdo shootings (or pick another case after discussing appropriateness of example with lecturer) has given us to think regarding free speech, incitement to hatred and the means by which we assess the place of satire in relation to minority identities.   9. Assess the claim that Hate Crime Legislation is not a solution to discrimination and persecution of marginalised groups

culture wars

Questions: Choose ONE question from the list below 1. Examine the problem of speaking for others when the matter of legitimate representation is at issue. Use one case or more to illustrate to what extent the identity marker of a representative matters. (Think about the following in constructing your answer: Do they have to belong to the identity group that they are representing? What strategies would make the matter of representation more just and enabling for marginalised groups?) 2. Assess the claim that ‘authentic democracy is not compatible with representation’, particularly for under-represented, marginalised groups. To what extent do you think Young succeeds in overcoming this problem in her discussion of representation and social perspective? 3. Define ‘culture wars’, OR ‘history wars’ OR ‘identity politics’ and examine one case study or more to illustrate how such debates figure in negotiating particular constructions of Australian National Identity. Pay particular attention to ways in which one or more of such categories as gender, ethnicity, class, and sexuality play a part in these debates. 4. Using one case study or more, assess how the ‘culture wars’ or ‘identity politics’ have been debated around controversial artworks, which have been censored or threatened censorship on the grounds of obscenity, blasphemy, sexual explicitness, political contentiousness or propaganda. 5. Using one case study or more, explore relations between art, protest and the ideal of democracy.  To what extent do you think art is a powerful means for inciting social change? 6. Using a case study (hijab debates, multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism), discuss the ways in which secularism and religious conviction get opposed to one another in ‘democratic’ nations. How would you address such matters without relying on such an opposition? 7. Evaluate the ways in which feminism has figured in public debates regarding the politics of the hijab/headscarf/veil. Do you think there is a way of moving the debate beyond opposing feminism to Muslim women’s dress? If so, how?  8. Discuss what the case of the Charlie Hebdo shootings (or pick another case after discussing appropriateness of example with lecturer) has given us to think regarding free speech, incitement to hatred and the means by which we assess the place of satire in relation to minority identities.   9. Assess the claim that Hate Crime Legislation is not a solution to discrimination and persecution of marginalised groups

culture wars

Questions: Choose ONE question from the list below 1. Examine the problem of speaking for others when the matter of legitimate representation is at issue. Use one case or more to illustrate to what extent the identity marker of a representative matters. (Think about the following in constructing your answer: Do they have to belong to the identity group that they are representing? What strategies would make the matter of representation more just and enabling for marginalised groups?) 2. Assess the claim that ‘authentic democracy is not compatible with representation’, particularly for under-represented, marginalised groups. To what extent do you think Young succeeds in overcoming this problem in her discussion of representation and social perspective? 3. Define ‘culture wars’, OR ‘history wars’ OR ‘identity politics’ and examine one case study or more to illustrate how such debates figure in negotiating particular constructions of Australian National Identity. Pay particular attention to ways in which one or more of such categories as gender, ethnicity, class, and sexuality play a part in these debates. 4. Using one case study or more, assess how the ‘culture wars’ or ‘identity politics’ have been debated around controversial artworks, which have been censored or threatened censorship on the grounds of obscenity, blasphemy, sexual explicitness, political contentiousness or propaganda. 5. Using one case study or more, explore relations between art, protest and the ideal of democracy.  To what extent do you think art is a powerful means for inciting social change? 6. Using a case study (hijab debates, multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism), discuss the ways in which secularism and religious conviction get opposed to one another in ‘democratic’ nations. How would you address such matters without relying on such an opposition? 7. Evaluate the ways in which feminism has figured in public debates regarding the politics of the hijab/headscarf/veil. Do you think there is a way of moving the debate beyond opposing feminism to Muslim women’s dress? If so, how?  8. Discuss what the case of the Charlie Hebdo shootings (or pick another case after discussing appropriateness of example with lecturer) has given us to think regarding free speech, incitement to hatred and the means by which we assess the place of satire in relation to minority identities.   9. Assess the claim that Hate Crime Legislation is not a solution to discrimination and persecution of marginalised groups